Policy Summary

This provision is part of a comprehensive complete street law and requires the township to prioritize completes streets projects that that are located near public service areas and that provide improved access to healthy food (e.g., farmers markets, full service groceries, community gardens, etc.).

Background Information

State Michigan
Jurisdiction Name Lansing
Jurisdiction Type Town/Township,
Population Size 5,000-50,000
Legal Strategies
  • Requires something, sets standards
  • Creates an incentive for a change
Reach Community-wide
Food System Category Get;
Evidence for Health

This policy may correspond to diet-related strategies identified by the County Health Rankings’ What Works for Health tool, including:

For research on the potential effectiveness, please review the category links above.

We understand that this information is not comprehensive. It also does not include other important forms of evidence such as community members’ lived experiences and practice-based evidence.

Policy Details

Refers to priority populations?

The use of the term "assistive device" as a mode of transportation in the definition of "complete streets infrastructure" indicates an aim to accommodate persons with disabilities. § 27-2.

Health-related goal?

See, e.g., references to the following language: "promote the public health;" "walking, bicycling;" "improve the public welfare by addressing a wide array of health and environmental problems;" and "healthy food." §§ 27-1, -3.

Environmental goal?

See, e.g., references to the following language "improve the public welfare by addressing a wide array of health and environmental problems;" "walking, bicycling, and public transportation." § 27-1.

Economic goal?

See this language: "provide for the orderly growth and harmonious development of the township." § 27-1.

Includes findings?

Has a stated intent or purpose?

Purpose "is to regulate and control the subdivision of land within the corporate limits of the township in order to: (1) Promote the public health, safety, comfort, convenience, and general welfare for walking, bicycling, and public transportation and to encourage increased use of these modes of transportation; (2) Enable convenient travel as part of daily activities, improve the public welfare by addressing a wide array of health and environmental problems, and meet the needs of all inhabitants of the township; (3) Provide for the orderly growth and harmonious development of the township consistent with the comprehensive development plan and the zoning ordinance; (4) Secure adequate traffic circulation to the roadways, streets and highways; to achieve the maximum utility and livability on individual parcels; and (5)Provide logical procedures for the achievement of these purposes." § 27-1.

Includes definitions?

§ 27-2.

Addresses implementation?

Numerous implementation steps are prescribed at section 27-3. For example "[t]he township shall develop and review standards to implement complete streets infrastructure;" and "[t]he township shall review and...either revise or develop proposed revisions to all appropriate plans, zoning and subdivision ordinances/codes, laws, procedures, rules, regulations, guidelines, programs, templates, and design manuals, including the comprehensive plan of the township to integrate, accommodate, and balance the needs of all users in all street projects on public and private streets." § 27-3.

Enforcement provisions?

This language is included at Chapter 29: "violation of any of the provisions of this title shall constitute a class I offense." § 29-1.

Evaluation component?

"An assessment will be presented to the township board of trustees by township staff within one year following the effective date of this chapter regarding: (1) the steps taken to implement this chapter; (2) outcomes of the measures mentioned in subsections (a) and (b) above; (3) additional steps planned; and (4) any desired actions that would need to be taken by the township or other agencies or departments to implement the steps taken or planned;" and "The township will be charged with the drafting and review of policies to implement the complete streets practices by: (1) addressing short-term and long-term steps and planning necessary to create a comprehensive and integrated transportation network serving the needs of all users; (2) assessing potential obstacles to implementing complete streets practices throughout the township, and identifying alternative solutions to those obstacles; (3) if useful, recommending adoption of policies containing additional steps; and (4) proposing revisions to the comprehensive plan, zoning and subdivision ordinances/codes, and other applicable laws to integrate, accommodate, and balance the needs of all users in all street projects. Township staff shall report on the matters within its purview to the township board of trustees." § 27-4.

Requires extra investment?

Because the law requires changes to physical environment and infrastructure, there could be costs incurred.

Code context and ordinance history

Section 27-3 (Requirement of infrastructure ensuring safe travel) is located in Title II (Control and Use of Public Streets, Sidewalks, Sewers), Chapter 27 (Complete Streets). History: Ord. No. 66, § 1, 9-13-11.


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